Hygienization of the mouth takes place in three stages, which include:
- Removing tartar (scaling)
Removing tartar ie. Scaling is one of the most commonly performed procedures in dentistry. Tartar is formed from mineralized hard dental deposits and is therefore impossible to remove by “home” means. Poor oral hygiene, inaccurate brushing, low pH of saliva, as well as diet leads to a build-up of food debris on the surface of the tooth. They are then mineralized, forming successive layers of tartar. The most dangerous deposits, however, are situated in the gingival slot (so called subgingival), since they are invisible and imperceptible to the patient. Therefore, only a doctor or dental hygienist are able to determine their presence.
Long-term presence of tartar results in:
- caries and enamel demineralization
- inflammation of the periodontal tissues, or periodontitis
Plaque removal is carried out, among others, with an ultrasonic scaler and is usually painless for the patient. High-frequency vibrations of the scaler tip cause peeling of tartar. This treatment does not damage the tooth surface in any way. During scaling, water is sprayed, which has a strong bactericidal effect.
The next step of oral hygienization is sandblasting. The purpose of this procedure is to clean the surface of teeth, as well as interdental surfaces. During sandblasting, sodium bicarbonate granules are sprayed under pressure onto the surface. Sodium bicarbonate is not harmful or aggressive to the enamel surface. After scaling and sanding, teeth undergo polishing with the use of various tools: abrasive belts, special rubbers, discs, brushes, and finally polishing paste.
The final stage of oral hygienization is fluoridation. Teeth are protected with a special varnish which contains chlorhexidine and fluorine compounds. The aim is to increase the resistance of the teeth against decay. Fluoride varnish, used during the procedure, helps the remineralization of those places where plaque was previously located and hardens teeth against post-procedure sensitivity.
It should be noted that the deposition of plaque depends on the individual. Each of us has different predispositions and bodies. It depends on many factors such as:
- amount of coffee or tea consumed
- mineral content in saliva
Adequate oral hygiene, that is brushing your teeth regularly (recommended after every meal and at least two times a day) and regular visits to the dentist or dental hygienist are important factors in the prevension against tartar build-up.
The procedure of oral hygienization should be carried out every six months, and in some cases – even every three months.