What is an implant?
The implant or artificial implant is an artificial root inserted in place of the removed tooth or a tooth removed a long time ago. On this root, after its “adoption” by the body, the crown part is being restored.
Artificial root has the shape of a cylinder or screw screwed into the bone. Several types of implants have been developed up to this date. The most commonly used method of “implantation” is shown below.
A dental surgery cuts the gum and exfoliates it to reach healthy bone.
Then he drills a bigger and bigger hole in the bone.
Subsequently, the implant, or artificial root is introduced to the hole the mucous membrane is sutured over the implant, and the place is left “alone” for a period of 3 to 6 months.
After the bones grow into the implant, the surgeon cuts the mucous membrane again in order to screwed an inlay which extends above the gum into the implant. On this particular protruding part, the doctor can easily embed a crown or a prosthesis.
Advantages of having implants:
- Adjacent teeth remain intact
- The implant is firmly and securely positioned
- It does not differ from natural teeth of the patient in terms of appearance
- They are as functional as the other teeth
- Great look, and most of all, perfect smile for years to come
- Inhibition of aging
- Unchanged gum line and face shape
Over the years, there has been a tremendous progress in the field of dental surgery. Earlier, implantation in patients with bone loss was associated with a long and complicated surgery or was entirely impossible. Today, bone loss is no longer associated with exclusion of the patient from implanting procedures. Modern implant treatment, through the use of special implants and biomaterials, allows achieving excellent, and above all, functional solutions.
Necessary tests to be performed before implant surgery:
- Blood count
- Computed tomography of the head (optional)
Before and after
Before the procedure:
On the first visit to our office, patients are provided with all the information related to the surgery. First of all, the doctor conducts a detailed interview with the patient on the basis of the pantomographic image. If a patient does not have such an image, he can get one on the spot, in our X-ray laboratory. Besides, a person interested in implanting the implant receives a list of the tests necessary to be performed before the implant surgery. During the implantological consultation, the doctor also draws up a treatment plan and cost estimate. This is the perfect time for the patient to ask questions about the issues he is concerned about. Then, we set the deadline for the procedure.
After the procedure:
After the implantation of implants the patient should:
- Rinse the area where the implants were implanted with saline – after each ingested meal for about 14 days
- Consume liquid foods
- For a period of 14 days – not wear dentures
- Occurring hematoma, bruising or swelling on the face are a common facial skin reaction
Remember that your co-operation and compliance with the recommendations of the doctor is very important and you should not underestimate this issue!